The district of Islington is part of the London Borough of Islington, Greater London. For the most part, this Inner London residential district spans from Islington High Street to Highbury Fields. Essex Road, eastbound Southgate Road and Upper Street all circle the area. Liverpool Road bounds the district to the west, Southgate Road and City Road are the south-east and Canonbury is at the northernmost point.
The area of Islington was historically just a village of Middlesex, located near the great North Road. This is the area that gave the name of the modern borough. The first mention of the area was during Saxon times as Giseldone, with its name translating to ‘Gīsla's hill’. The name was later changed to Isledon, which is where the modern name originates from. During the medieval period, some of the roads within the area were known as streets.
Islington stands on a hill that has a history of supplying the City of London with fresh water. The first installments that drew water were at London Spa, Sadler’s Wells and Clerkenwell. Because of the growing population of the capital, these water sources were deemed inadequate to provide for the ever growing needs, and so the New River waterway was constructed and opened by Sir Hugh Myddelton on 29 September 1613. The availability of water made the area a good spot for vegetable gardens. This inspired a lot of people to pack their suitcases, hire Islington man and van company in and went to live there.
The rural feel of Islington attracted a lot of Londoneers, setting the need for theatres, pubs and music venues in the 19th century. Collins’ Music Hall is one of the more notable examples. What remains of this venue has been featured in a bookshop. The rest is a redeveloped new theatre with entrance fronted by Essex Road.
During the second half of the 20th century, the area regained popularity, the implementation of the Victoria line and opening of Angel tube station allowed renovation for a number of Georgian and Victorian townhouses. It is these pubs, houses and shops that are the most popular thing in Islington. There are whole terraces listed, including large part of Liverpool Road and Islington High Street. Among the multiply listed streets are also Camden Passage, Arlington Square, Colebrooke Row, Compton Terrace, Duncan Terrace, Cross Street, Essex Road and Milner Square.
There is an important interchange for buses within the area, near the Angel tube station. The area is also close to 7 railway and tube stations, allowing perfect transport to any point of London.